Programme gives a great overview and introduction of how special education and inclusive education organized in Finland and how special education teachers are trained. It also gives a perspective to our evidence and research based approach in special education in Finland.

The participants learn to apply the key elements of Special Education and Inclusive Education in their teaching.


Learning Outcomes

After finalising the modules 1-4, participant:

  • is capable to argue the educational politics dealing with equity and equality

    evaluates critically the categorisation and diagnostics producing discrepancy and otherness in educational communities,

  • recognises the significance of participatory education in his pedagogical thinking, attitudes and actions, and also part of his own professional growth,

  • understand how to use results of assessment for planning learning daily bases and long term planning,

  • understands the necessity of interactional collaboration based on multi-professional collegial communities,

  • is able to support the learning, growth and participation in diverse learning groups with evidence based educational practices.


Study modules

Module 1

Introduction to Special Education and Inclusive Education

  • Values, beliefs and premises of inclusive education

  • Inclusive education as ideological, societal and pedagogical phenomenon

  • Disability Models – Definitions

  • History of people with Disabilities

  • Disability Rights movement – Organizations

  • Understanding inclusion and inclusive education

  • Key principles and values

  • Contributing factors

  • Universal Design for Learning

  • Collegial teachership, multi-professional collaboration

  • Principles of participatory education, and pedagogical practices supporting student learning and growth

Module 2 Education and Special Education Systems
  • History of Special Education, (case Finland)

  • Legislation – International and National (case Finland)

  • Services and models of providing special education

  • The role(s) of special educator (in Finland)

Module 3 Assessment for learning
  • Diagnostic Procedures

  • Theoretical Approach for Assessment

  • Formative Assessment

Module 4 Implementing Inclusion – Pedagogical Support
  • Evidence Based Educational Practices

  • Differentiating Instruction

  • Co-teaching

  • Multidisciplinary collaboration, Working with families

  • Creating a positive emotional and behavioural

  • School/Classroom environment




Target group

Early childhood and basic education teachers, teacher educators, principals, teacher trainees, university lecturers and researchers, education and organizations in education from abroad both in Finland and in the participants’ home countries.


On request


4 modules, blended learning, approx. 8 months

group size

30-40 participants